The Hindu, Tuesday, Nov 07, 2006
Tsunami warning system to be completed by September
CHENNAI: The Rs.125-crore project for establishing a tsunami warning system is progressing as per schedule and will be completed by September next, P.S. Goel, Secretary, Union Ministry of Earth Sciences, said on Monday.
"We have planned to install 10-12 ocean bottom pressure recorders, of which eight will be near the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and two-four in and around the Makaran coast (in the Arabian sea). We have installed a few of them 100 km west of the Andamans," he told reporters after inaugurating a three-day international conference on marine antifouling technology, organised here by the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) and the International Bio-deterioration and Biodegradation Society (IBBS), the United Kingdom.
Besides, tide gauges and mathematical modelling (to identify locations to be affected during tsunami) would be put in place.
Two tide gauges had been put up in the Andamans. A host of agencies and departments were involved in the execution of the project. The NIOT and the Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS), both under the Ministry's control, were taking the lead.
For issuing tsunami warning bulletins, the cyclone warning centres of the Meteorological Department, the media and mobile phone operators would be utilised, besides the Ministry's conventional channels of information dissemination, he said. Care would be taken to ensure that no false alarms were issued.
Dr. Goel said the NIOT was now working on designing desalination plants with a capacity of one million litres a day (MLD) and 10 MLD. While the one-MLD plant would be ready shortly, the 10-MLD unit was likely to be set up in a year.
Method to tackle
Earlier, addressing the conference, he called for evolving scientific methods to tackle bio-fouling and said such methods should be sustainable and eco-friendly.
H.C. Flemming, president, IBBS, said his organisation was a platform for exchange of knowledge of issues concerning bio-fouling and bio-corrosion.
NIOT Director S. Kathiroli referred to the growing opportunities for the application of marine anti-fouling technology following enhanced activity in electric power generation and shipping.
According to the organising secretary of the conference R. Venkatesan, bio-fouling meant attachment of flora and fauna to off-shore installations and moving structures such as ships, leading to adverse impact on their functioning.